铜陵在线配资

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人工智能助力生物识别精准化

任奎    2020-05-22 11:50:06    光明日报

“你是谁?”在当今社会,无处不在的身份识别场景在无声发问。进小区门,要问你是业主本人吗?进家门,要扭动匹配的钥匙或按下指纹;开电脑工作,弹出密码输入弹窗。每个人都是独立的个体,我们能否使用唯一特性与外界建立联系?唯一意味着安全,也意味着核实更方便准确,就像我们的身份证,上面有唯一的数字编码。

与此同时,数字化时代,我们与机器的互动,从敲键盘一步跨向手指点击滑动、开口对话、抬起头、眨眨眼,远隔千里的人们能便捷地沟通交流、能跨省跨国网上办事,但客观上无法实现“亲眼所见”,也给建立“信任”关系带来新的挑战。

人工智能技术的发展,针对数字社会人与人之间、人与机器之间如何建立“信任”关系,提供了一个很好的技术解决手段,即生物识别技术。你用什么方式证明自己?怎样才能定义这世界独一无二的你?设备的进化中,谁在保证个人使用的安全性?无接触生活的背后都是技术在化解复杂,生物识别技术的研究,正是希望解决这些问题。

1.生物识别是数字社会的重要基础

铜陵在线配资WULUNCHUYUNAGESHEHUIJINGJIFAZHANJIEDUAN,“REN”SHIZHONGSHIZUIZHONGYAODEHEXINYAOSU。RENLEIZUOWEIQUNJUDONGWU,ZAIDIQIUSHANGYOURENLEIDESHIKE,“XINREN”DEXUQIUJIUYINGYUNERSHENG,TONGGUOSHIJUE“QINYANSUOJIAN”、TINGJUE“QINERSUOWEN”DENGBIANBIETONGBANJIANLIXINRENGUANXI,ZHEIZHONGZUIYUANSHIDETONGGUO“QINYANSUOJIAN”DENGSHOUDUANJIANLI“XINREN”DEFANGSHIYEJIANGBANSUIRENLEIYIZHIYANXUXIAQU。

SHUZIHUASHIJIE,XUYAODIEDAIXINDEXINRENJIAOHU,SHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUSHIJISHUFAZHANYANJINDAOYIDINGJIEDUANDEBIRANCHANWU,YESHIYIZHONGXINXINGSHUZISHENFENDEJICHUSHESHI。TAJIYUGETISHENGWUTEZHENGJINXINGZIDONGSHIBIEDEYIZHONGJISHU,JIEHEJISUANJIYUGUANGXUE、SHENGXUE、SHENGWUCHUANGANQIHESHENGWUTONGJIXUEYUANLIDENG,YIKAORENTIDESHENGLITEZHENGHUOZHEXINGWEITEZHENGLAIJINXINGSHENFENYANZHENGDESHIBIE,SHIDANGQIANRENGONGZHINENGJISHUHEXINXIANQUANJISHUZAIGONGYEJIELUODIYINGYONGZUIXIANZHUDEDAIBIAOXINGCHENGGUOZHIYI。

SUOWEISHENGWUTEZHENGBAOKUORENLIAN、ZHIWEN、SHENGWEN、HONGMO、ZHIJINGMAI、TIWENDENG,XINGWEITEZHENGZEJILUQIANMINGBIJI、XINGZOUBUTAI、ZUOZIDENG。ZHEIXIESHENGWUTEZHENGGEYOUTEDIAN,BIRUMEIGERENDEJINGMAIXUEGUANDOUBUSHIYIYANGDE,XUEGUANYEZUGOUDUO,YINCITADEXINXIWEIYI、FENGFU,JIHUBUNENGBEIFUZHI;ERYIGERENSUIZHENIANLINGZENGZHANGHEYIXIETUFAQINGKUANG,XINGWEITEZHENGBIRUZOULUZITAIKENENGHUIFASHENGBIANHUA,KEYILIJIEWEITEZHENGXINXIWENDINGXINGBUNEIMEQIANG。

WEIYIDE、WENDINGDESHENGWUTEZHENGJIUJUBEILILUNSHANGDEANQUANJICHU,WOMENJIANGTAMENJINYIBUJIEHEXINGCHENGYOUXIAOJISHUSHOUDUAN,TONGSHICAIYONGDUOZHONGFANGSHILAIQUEBAOTAZHUNQUE、GAOXIAOJIUXIANGSHIYONGSHENFENZHENGQUEREN“NIJIUSHINI”。

ZUOWEIYIZHONGSHENFENRENZHENGFANGSHI,MUQIANSHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUYIJINGZAIJINRONG、JIAOYU、SIFA、YILIAO、SHEHUIZHILIDENGXINGYEDOUYOULEGUANGFANYINGYONG,TAXUYAOMANZUBUTONGCHANGJING、XINGYEYAOQIUHEBUDUANBIANHUAYANJINDEYEWUXUQIU。TAJIANGXUNSUCHENGWEISHUZIJINGJISHEHUIDEZHONGYAOXINXIJICHUSHESHIZHIYI。

2.生物识别开始出现大规模技术创新

CONGJISHUSHANGLAISHUO,CHUANTONGSHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUZAILUBANGXING、ZHUNQUEXINGYIJIKANGGONGJINENGLIDENGFANGMIAN,JINNIANLAIDOUYOUDAFUTISHENG。BIRUTUPO2DRENLIANCUNZAIJINGSHENSHUJUDIUSHIDEJUXIANXING,3DRENLIANSHIBIEJISHUYINQIJUYOUGENGQIANGDEMIAOSHUNENGLIKAISHIZAIGAOZHUNQUEXINGYINGYONGZHONGZHUJIANZENGDUO;ZAI3DSHIBIEDEJICHUSHANGRENLIANHUOTIJIANCEDEXINJISHUYEJINYIBUBEICAIYONG;FANGZHIRENLIANSHUJUKUBEIDAOKUDESHIBIEJISHUYEYIBEITICHU;ZHIWENSHIBIEZEKAISHIYINRUJIYUSHOUZHIPIFUYANSEHEDEMAIBOXINLVXINHAODEHUOTIJIANYAN,YONGYUFANGZHIBEIFANGSHENGDAODIANCAILIAOZUOCHENGDEJIASHOUZHIGONGJI;SHENGWENSHIBIEKEJIEHESHIYONGDIANCICHANGJIANCE,LAIPANDUANSHENGYUANWEIZHENRENHAISHIYANGSHENGQIDENG。

LINGYIFANGMIAN,KAOLVDAOYINGYONGCHANGJINGDEBUTONGXUQIU:CHIXURENZHENG、YIDONGSHEBEISHANGSHIBIE、GERENYINSIBAOHUDENG,XINXINGSHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUYESHIYINGXUERSHENG。BIRU,ZHEJIANGDAXUEWANGLUOKONGJIANANQUANTUANDUIZHENDUICHIXURENZHENG,KAIFALE“XINZANGMIMA”XITONGTONGGUOBUJIANDUANYONGSHENGWULEIDADEWUXIANXINHAOLAIGANZHIXINZANGYUNDONG,SHIXIANLEYIYONGXINGGAODEFEIJIECHUSHIKECHIXURENZHENG;ZHENDUIYIDONGSHEBEISHANGDESHENGWUSHIBIE,LIYONGSHEBEINEIZHISHEXIANGTOUBUZHUODAODEYANQIUYUNDONG,ZHINENGSHOUHUANSHANGCELIANGDAODEXINDIANTU,YIJIXUNIXIANSHITOUZHAOCELIANGDAODEYANDIANTUHENAODIANBODOUXIANGYINGDESHIXIANLEKEKAODESHENGWUSHIBIE;ZHENDUISHENGWUSHIBIEZHONGDEGERENYINSIBAOHU,CAIYONGWUXIANXINHAOCHENGXIANGLAIDAITISHEXIANGTOU,JIBIMIANLESHEXIANGTOUSHOUSHIJIAOHEZUDANGDENGTIAOJIANDEXIANZHI,GENGXIAOCHULEZHIJIEHUOQUTUXIANGDEYINSIXIELUFENGXIAN。

LINGWAI,ZHENGRUMEIZHONGSHENGWUTEZHENGGEYOUTEDIAN,ZAICHONGFENKAOLVGEZHONGGONGJICHANGJINGXIA,RENHEDANYISHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUWANGWANGDOUCHENGXIANCHUTEDINGDEYOUSHIHEJUXIAN。MEIGEMOTAIDOUJUYOUBUTONGDESHUJUANQUANCHENGDU、CAIJISHIYINGCHANGJING、YINSIMINGANDUDENG,YINCIJIEJUEFANGANBINGBUNENGTONGGUODANYIJISHUWANQUANDACHENG。

铜陵在线配资DUOMOTAIDUOYINZISHENGWUSHIBIEJISHURONGHEYINCIFEICHANGZHONGYAO。BIRUYEWANGUANGZHAOBULIXIANG,RENXIANGSHIBIELVDI,JIEHEHONGWAICHENGXIANGHERECHENGXIANGDEKUAMOTAIHUBUJIUNENGZENGQIANGRENXIANGSHIBIEDEZHUNQUEDU。XIANGSHIMAYIJINFUDUOMOTAIRONGHERENLIANSHIBIEJISHUSHIXIANYONGHUDEJINGZHUNSHIBIE,MANZUJINRONGJIWUSHILV(DIZHIQIANWANFENZHIYIWUSHILV)XIA,DADACHAOCHULEDANMOTAIRENLIANSHIBIEJISHUNENGDADAODEXINGNENGPINGJING,BINGTISHENGLERENLIANSHIBIEDEANQUANXING。TONGSHI,HAICHONGFENLIYONGYIDONGSHEBEIDEXINPIANJIANQUANNENGLI,JINGGUOYUCHANYELIANDUOFANGDEHEZUO,GOUZAOLEJIYUTEE(KEXINZHIXINGHUANJING)DEQUANLIANLUANQUANXIEYI,WEISHENGWUZHIFUTIGONGLEQIANGYOULIDEANQUANBAOZHANG。CIWAI,TONGGUOFENGXIANGANZHIMOKUAIJIANCEHEICHANGONGJI,FENGKONGYINQINGZIDONGGENGXINFENGXIANMOXING,FENGXIANLANJIEXIAOLVDAFUTISHENG,CHONGFENBAOZHENGLEJIAOYIANQUAN。

WEILAISHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUDEQUSHIBIANSHIRUCI,JIANGHUICONGCHUANTONGDEZHITIQURENTISHENGLITEZHENG,XIANGREN、WULISHIJIE、SHUZISHIJIERONGHEDERENZHENGFANGXIANGFAZHAN。SHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUJIANGZAIHEHUANJINGTEZHENG、SHUZIPINGZHENGXIANGJIEHE,MANZUSHIKONGGUANLIAN、DUOMOTAIDUOYINZIRONGHEDEJICHUSHANGWANQUANSHIXIANKEXINRENZHENG。

3.“生物识别”“多模态融合”作为主流研究方向形成标准化的应用共识

CONGSHIYANSHIZOUXIANGCHANYESHANGYONG,CONGMOXINGZOUXIANGANQUANCHANPIN,KAODESHICHIXUSHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUDIEDAIHEDUOZHONGJISHUSUANFADEBAOZHANG,YOUQIYINQIWOMENGUANZHUDESHI“ANQUANHEYINSIBAOHU”。

铜陵在线配资JIYUZHEIYIDIAN,QUNIAN,ZHEJIANGDAXUEHEMAYIJINFULIANHECHENGLILESHUJUANQUANYUYINSIBAOHUSHIYANSHI,HUIJILESHUANGFANGCHUANGXINLILIANGHEYOUSHIZIYUAN,CHANXUEYANLIANHETUIJINQIANYANKEJIYANJIU,TISHENGGUONEISHENGWUSHIBIEXINGYEANQUANJISHUSHUIPING。

铜陵在线配资MUQIANZHENDUIRENLIANSHUJUTUOMIN、BUKENI、KEGENGXIN、JIAMIDENGZUOLEDALIANGYANJIU,JISHENGWUSHIBIEXINXIBAOHUTIGONGKEXINGDEANQUANJISHUJIEJUEFANGAN。BUFENANQUANJISHUYIJINGZHUANHUAYINGYONGDAOMAYIJINFURENLIANSHIBIEJISHUSHANG,ZHICHENGDALIANGJINRONGJIANQUANYINGYONG。

ZAISHENGWUSHIBIEJISHUTUPOZUIDUODESHIRENLIANSHIBIE,JIZAITUXIANGTEZHENGCHOUQUHERENLIANBIDUIHUANJIEZHONGQUDELEHENDAJINZHAN。DANCONGSHIYANSHIZHIWAIDESHIJICHANGJINGYINGYONGMONIFAXIAN,QIYINGXIANGYINSUHENDUO。CONGQUANLIANLUDEJIAODULAIKAN,HUOTIJIANCE、RENLIANJIAOHU、GUANJIANDIANDINGWEI、RENLIANGENZONGDENGZAIZHENSHIDECHANGJINGXIA,TEBIESHIBUTONGDESHOUJI、HUANJING、YONGHUBEIJINGDENGTIAOJIANXIA,XIANGZUODAOFEICHANGHAOBINGQIEWENDINGDEYONGHUTIYANSHIHENNANDE。WOMENDUICIJINXINGLEHENDUOTESHUDEYOUHUA,RUSHISUANFAZAIBUTONGDESHOUJISHANGDADAOBIJIAOYIZHIDEYUNSUANSUDU、XIANGYINGSHIJIAN,TONGGUOWENANSHEJITIGAOYONGHUDUISHUALIANDEGANZHIHELIJIE,SHIYINGYONGHUBEIJING(RUGUANGXIAN、JIAODUDENG),FENXIJIYUQITACHUANGANQISHUJUDEFANKUIDENG。TONGSHIQIYEGENJUZISHENYEWUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,XIANGXUESHUJIECHIXUFANKUIXINDEXUQIU,YEFANGUOLAICUJINLELIANHESHIYANSHIZAIXINJISHUQIANYANKAITUODEFANGXIANGGANHEJINPOGAN,CHANXUEYANLIANDONGXINGCHENGLIANGXINGBIHUANFAZHAN。

JIYUWOMENGONGTONGJINXINGDEDALIANGYANJIU、SHIJIANJILEI,JINQIQIYEYIZAIIEEECHENGLI“YIDONGSHEBEISHENGWUTEZHENGSHIBIE”BIAOZHUNGONGZUOZU,BINGLIXIANG“SHENGWUTEZHENGSHIBIEDUOMOTAIRONGHE”IEEEGUOJIBIAOZHUN。ZHEIYESHIZHONGGUOQIYESHOUCIZAIGUOJIBIAOZHUNZHONG,TICHUYIDONGSHEBEIDUOMOTAIRONGHEJISHUDESHIXIANKUANGJIA、GONGNENGYAOQIU、XINGNENGYAOQIU、ANQUANYAOQIUDENG。ZHEIYIWEIZHE,“SHENGWUSHIBIE”、“DUOMOTAIRONGHE”ZUOWEIZHULIUYANJIUFANGXIANGJIANGXINGCHENGBIAOZHUNHUADEYINGYONGGONGSHI。ZHEIYESHIYIXIANGJISHUTUOLISHIYANSHITASHANGSHANGYONGZHILUDEZHONGYAOYIBU,YOULIYUTUIDONGXINGYEPINGJUNJISHUFAZHANSHUIPING。ERGUOJIBIAOZHUNSHIGUOJIGUIZEHEGONGSHIZHONGYAOTONGYONGZAITI,DUIZHENGGEXINGYELIANGXINGFAZHANZHIGUANZHONGYAO,YESHIJUBEIJISHUSHILIDEZHONGGUOQIYEBIXUJUBEIFAYANQUANZHICHU。HAOWUYIWEN,GAOXIAOHEQIYEZAISHENGWUSHIBIEZHEILEIGUOJIQIANYANJISHUJIBIAOZHUNSHANGDETANSUO,SHIZHONGGUOKEJIBUJUYANGUANG、YANJIUNENGLI、KEXUEYANJINXINGDEZONGHETIXIAN。TATONGYANGYUSHIZHE,ZHONGGUOQIYEZAIRENGONGZHINENGJISHULINGYUDEGUOJIJINGZHENGJINRUXINJIEDUAN——CONGCHANPINCHUHAIDAOJISHUZOUCHUQU,RUJINYOUXIANGSHUCHUQUANQIUBIAOZHUNMAIJIN。

(作者:任奎,系浙江大学网络空间安全学院院长,教授)

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